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Rights Holders at Risk
Tanzania: Govt. ends hunting deal with Ortelo Business Corporation & launches investigation for alleged corruption; locals had alleged company denied them access to water
13 Nov 2017 — "Tanzania ends hunting deal near Loliondo with UAE royal family; compromised government official" Tanzania has terminated a 25-year-old hunting concession with a United Arab Emirates royal family-owned company as it launches investigations into the dealings of the company and former tourism ministers. Newly appointed Natural Resources Minister Hamisi Kigwangalla has ordered the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB) to arrest and investigate Isaac Mollel, executive director of the Ortelo Business Corporation (OBC), which is a game-hunting outfit owned by a Dubai leader, for trying to bribe him and his predecessors. Dr Kigwangalla also called for the investigation of former ministers. The termination of the concession marks the end of the controversial agreement. Activists, MPs and Maasai people who live in the Loliondo area in northern Tanzania have been involved in the battle against the takeover of the 4,000-square-kilometre block... Tanzania granted the concession to the Dubai leader for wildlife conservation and management in the Loliondo Game Controlled Area in November 1992, but the local Maasai people have since been complaining that they were never involved in the process despite living in the area. Under the agreement, local pastoralists were allowed to graze within the concession area. However, elders from six villages of the Loliondo Game Controlled Area say they are not allowed into the block awarded to the royal family and have to leave the area whenever the royal family arrives for hunting expeditions. They further claim that OBC denies them access to water and grazing land on the grounds that people from the eight surrounding villages are trespassing on the concession area.
Africa: Aviation expert on clues to help air travellers, including airlines staff, to detect cases human trafficking
13 Nov 2017 — "Tell-tale signs of human trafficking onboard" With only a few weeks remaining to the end of the year, the holiday season, by default is also the peak travel time for families is here. Reports show that the holiday travel spike provides the perfect cover for human traffickers. According to Airports Council International, air transport is the preferred mode of transport by human traffickers. Sub-Saharan Africa for instance, ranks very high in the incidence of child trafficking. According a the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime report on trafficking in persons, up to 64 per cent of trafficking victims from in East Africa are children. A good number of victims end up in forced labour, sex slavery or organ harvesting schemes. Despite the high figures, most countries in the region do not keep statistics. Even where the numbers exist, records paint a grim picture; South Africa, for instance reports over 30,000 children trafficked into the country annually for the underground sex trade, hence the very stringent travel documentation requirement by their Department of Home Affairs. Unfortunately, most sub-Saharan Africa countries do not have legal measures to control child trafficking. Beyond border control, airlines and other industry regulators have recognised that cabin crew can play a vital role in identifying trafficking victims on their flights and are training them. However, vigilance on such a weighty matter cannot be left to service providers and security organs alone. As a frequent flyer, what are some of the indicators you need to be awake to in case a victim of trafficking is with you on the same flight? A seemingly normal and healthy adult not carrying or keeping his own passport and boarding pass would appear odd but this may not necessarily mean much. But if an attempt at a conversation with such an adult draws no response or a look of panic while seeking approval of a third party before responding, something could be amiss. More often than not, such a victim will not be aware of their flight itinerary and keep to themselves within the airport and avoid conversations with other passengers while in the aircraft.
Tanzania: Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance calls for compensation of locals from railway reserve; say exercise violated human rights standards
9 Nov 2017 — "Demolition victims should be paid, human rights body asserts" The Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance [has called for]...victims of the recent demolition of structures built railway reserve to be compensated because the exercise was conducted in violation of human rights and the national constitution. Presenting its final verdict on a petition lodged by a committee representing those whose houses were bulldozed by Reli Assets Holding Company (RAHCO), CHRAGG Chairman Bahame Nyanduga directed that estimates of the losses be carried out and the victims compensated accordingly... In March this year, the government through RAHCO conducted a demolition exercise targeting structures located railway reserves in Dar es Salaam. CHRAGG asked the government to halt the exercise and hold an audience with the commission first to discuss public complaints submitted to the commission against the exercise. However, RAHCO knowingly violated the call for a meeting and instead went ahead with the demolition exercise on behalf of the government.
Tanzania: Barrick Gold to sell 16% of its three mines to govt. & share half of the revenue to ensure locals benefit from mining
23 Oct 2017 — Barrick Gold has agreed to sell a 16 per cent stake in three mines in Tanzania to the government and share 50 per cent of the revenues from the mines.
Tanzania: Govt. agency harasses human rights activist opposed to eviction of locals to pave way for a commercial tourist conservancy
10 Oct 2017 — "Is citizenship now used to ‘fix’ critics?" The issue of citizenship has resurfaced again this time the victim being human rights activist, Mr Onesmo Olengurumwa. He has been questioned by the Immigration Department over the status of his citizenship. Mr Olengurumwa has described the questioning as a “smear campaign to silence me” while the Immigration Department says they were just doing their job...Mr Olengurumwa, who is the Tanzania Human Rights Defenders Coalition (THRDC) national coordinator, was first interrogated over his nationality on July 24 by Immigration officers from Kinondoni District who made an impromptu visit to his office and grilled him for an hour. Mr Olengurumwa claims his interrogation has a direct link with his activism, especially as far as Maasai’s land rights in Loliondo, Arusha are concerned. Reports indicate that more than 100 Maasai huts have been burned down, allegedly, by game reserve authorities near the Serengeti National Park. The government had plans to establish a 1,500sq km wildlife corridor around the national park for a Dubai-based company which offers hunting packages for wealthy tourists from the United Arabs Emirates (UAE). The plan would have displaced about 30,000 people, and caused ecological problems for the Maasai community, which depends on the seasonal grasses there to rear livestock. When immigration officers first went to interrogate Mr Olengurumwa, the THRDC, the coalition he heads, had just released the statement condemning what it described as “injustice to the Maasai community perpetrated by the government.” In an interview with a local TV Station, the minister for Natural Resources and Tourism Professor Jumanne Maghembe said the Loliondo conflict is exacerbated by over 38 Non-Governmental Organizations operating in the district and accused the leaders of these NGO’s of ambiguous nationality.
Studie zum Rohstoffsektor in der Subsahara: Deutsche Unternehmen könnten wichtigen Beitrag bei der Ausbildung von Fachkräften leisten
10 Oct 2017 — "Rohstoffe Subsahara: 31 Länder, Stand 2016/2017", Juni 2017 Deutschland ist wie kaum ein anderes Land in die Weltwirtschaft eingebunden, also in hohem Maße auf den Export an Waren, aber auch auf den Import von Energierohstoffen und von mineralischen Rohstoffen angewiesen... Die Nachfrage nach mineralischen Rohstoffen und Energierohstoffen wird sich weltweit bis zum Jahr 2050 voraussichtlich verdoppeln, sollte sich der Trend der letzten 3 Jahrzehnte fortsetzen. Der afrikanische Kontinent bietet ein enormes Potenzial an Energierohstoffen, an Metallen und an Industriemineralen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird der Bergbau in Afrika eine Schlüsselrolle in der notwendigen Entwicklung und dem Aufstieg der afrikanischen Wirtschaft spielen... Das Thema Aus- und Weiterbildung von Fachkräften, auch in der Bergbaubranche, ist für die afrikanischen Bergbauländer von zentraler Bedeutung. Hier können deutsche Unternehmen und Institutionen mit ihrem Know-how und ihren jahrzehntelangen Erfahrungen einen wichtigen Beitrag leisten. Deutsche Unternehmen sind jedoch bei den afrikanischen Projekten kaum präsent. Schuld daran ist das meist schlechte Image Afrikas als Krisen- und Chaosherd. Dennoch sind viele afrikanischen Staaten auf einem guten Wege, im politischen wie im wirtschaftlichen Bereich. Die vorliegenden Momentaufnahmen aus den Märkten sollen dazu dienen, unternehmerische Entscheidungen für ein Engagement in Afrika zu erleichtern.
NGOs call for public participation & compensation of communities to be displaced for Uganda-Tanzania oil pipeline
29 Sep 2017 — Representatives of civil society organisations from Tanzania and Uganda have called for fair compensation of communities to be displaced by the Uganda-Tanzania oil pipeline construction. They have also called on the involvement of local communities in developing Resettlement Action Plans, besides ensuring that local communities have information on the pipeline. [Refers to Tullow Oil, Total & CNOOC].
Global businesses can achieve social impact, better reputation & increase brand loyalty by including refugees, says report
29 Sep 2017 — "Global Business and Refugee Crises: A Framework for Sustainable Engagement," September 2017 ...Global businesses can make unique and valuable contributions to refugee response by engaging refugees not as aid recipients, but as employees, producers, investees, and customers. The position of global enterprises as market leaders, policy influencers, and innovators gives them distinctive capacities for engagement and advocacy that do not exist within the traditional refugee response community. By including refugees in their core business activities, global enterprises can achieve social impact, gain reputational benefits, and build brand loyalty, while maintaining or enhancing their bottom line. Global businesses can sustainably increase their engagement with refugees by: Including refugees in hiring and supply chains. Global companies can advance their businesses and improve refugees’ capacity for self-reliance by creating targets or incentives around hiring refugees as employees, sourcing from refugee-owned businesses, and sourcing from businesses that employ significant numbers of refugees. Impact investing for refugee livelihoods. Global investment firms can improve refugee livelihoods and achieve financial returns by investing in companies that hire and source from refugees, refugee-owned small and medium-sized enterprises, social enterprises, and development impact bonds. Developing goods and services to meet refugee needs. In targeted areas such as financial services, global businesses can potentially reach refugees as customers by adapting their goods, services, and delivery systems... [refers to Airbnb, Ikea, MasterCard, Orange, Pearson, Starbucks, Safeway, and Western Union]
22 Sep 2017 — "Not So Sweet: Tanzania Confronts Arbitration over Large-Scale Sugarcane and Ethanol Project" Large-scale agricultural investments raise a number of challenges: negative environmental and social impacts, often borne primarily by local communities and land users, as well as operational and reputational risks, which have pained many an investor. Host governments also confront a number of challenges arising from investments, from facilitating investments that align with sustainable development objectives, to monitoring investor compliance with relevant obligations and best practices regarding responsible investment. One challenge that receives less attention is the risk that governments run of being sued by investors when projects don’t proceed as planned, often for legitimate reasons. Tanzania is currently confronting this challenge, faced with a new international investment dispute tied to a proposed large-scale sugarcane and ethanol production project. The dispute concerns the Agro EcoEnergy project in Bagamoyo, a venture that has been criticized for its potential impacts on local farmers and villagers...In January 2015, the Tanzanian parliamentary committee on Land, Natural Resources, and Environment reportedly required the Ministry of Lands, Housing, and Human Settlements Developments to recover 3,000 hectares of the land allocated for the project that fell within the national park; the following year, the entire project was reportedly halted. The claim against Tanzania is being brought by four companies involved in the project, under a bilateral investment treaty in force between Sweden and Tanzania. It will be determined by means of investor-state arbitration, a unique and privileged form of dispute settlement available to foreign investors under many international investment agreements (IIAs), including the Sweden-Tanzania treaty. Investors with recourse to investor-state arbitration can bypass domestic court systems, bringing their claims directly before an international panel of arbitrators.
Tanzania: Govt. seizes Petra Diamond's consignment allegedly for tax evasion, company denies allegations
18 Sep 2017 — "Petra suspends mining after diamonds seizure by Tanzania" Tanzania’s Petra Diamonds has suspended operations at one of its mines after...President John Magufuli’s administration...[seized] its minerals...Last week, Tanzania announced that it would nationalise the diamond consignment owned by Petra that was en route to Belgium after the government claimed it had been under-declared by more than $14.8 million. “While Williamson Diamonds declared in its documentation that the value of the diamonds was $14.798 million, a fresh valuation done by the government established that the actual value of the diamonds is $29.5 million. Legal actions to be taken include nationalisation of all the diamonds seized if it is established that there was cheating involved in declaring the actual value of the minerals,” Tanzania’s Finance and Planning Ministry said in a statement. The diamond miner in its reaction to the seizure, and subsequent questioning of its employees as part of an investigation into the country’s mining industry said it is be suspending its operations for safety and security reasons. Petra, however, said it would engage the government in order to resolve the issue. “Petra confirms that a parcel of diamonds (71,654 carats) from the Williamson mine in Tanzania has been blocked from export to Petra’s marketing office in Antwerp and certain key personnel from Williamson are being questioned by the authorities. However, the grounds upon which these actions have been taken have not been formally made known to the company as yet,” the company said.