Peru

Peru Country Guide

The Peru Country Guide was produced by the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR) and Socios Peru.

The Country Guide is a compilation of publicly available information from international institutions, local NGOs, governmental agencies, businesses, media and universities, among others. International and domestic sources are identified on the basis of their expertise and relevance to the Peruvian context, as well as their timeliness and impartiality.

The survey of publicly available, international sources was carried out by DIHR in 2014. The draft was updated and localized by Socios Peru with some interaction with local stakeholders, from January to March 2015. The Guide was then comprehensively updated in early 2016.

The completed Country Guide aims to provide a comprehensive overview, on the basis of the information available, of the ways in which companies do or may impact human rights in Peru. The current Country Guide is not meant as an end product, or a final determination of country conditions. It is intended to be the basis, and the beginning, of a process of dissemination, uptake and modification. DIHR and Socios Peru seek further engagement with local stakeholders, and intend to update the Country Guide on that basis.

Read the full Country Guide here

Read the full Country Guide here

News Feed

Oberlandesgericht Hamm verhandelt "Klimaklage" gegen RWE

7 Nov 2017 — Am 13. November (Montag) ab 12:30 Uhr wird der 5. Zivilsenat des Oberlandesgerichts Hamm die Berufung des peruanischen Bergführers und Kleinbauern Saúl Luciano Lliuya mündlich verhandeln. Der Termin fällt mitten in die zweiwöchige UN-Klimakonferenz in Bonn (6. - 17. Nov.). Bei dem als "Klimaklage" bekannt gewordenen Fall geht es um die Frage, ob der Energiekonzern RWE anteilig für Schutzmaßnahmen vor Klimawandelfolgen in den Hochanden aufkommen muss. Dort droht eine Flutwelle infolge eines durch den Klimawandel stark angeschwollenen Gletschersees oberhalb der Stadt Huaraz. Das Landgericht Essen hatte die Zivilklage in erster Instanz des in Europa einmaligen Falles abgewiesen. Nun geht es darum, ob die Beweisaufnahme eröffnet wird.  Wenn dies geschieht, wäre dies ein Durchbruch in dem Präzedenzverfahren. Denn damit würde das Gericht akzeptieren, dass der Fall zu gewinnen ist, wenn die Beweise im Detail ausreichen.

UK High Court to hear claim over Glencore’s liability for alleged killings & injuries of protestors at Tintaya mine

27 Oct 2017

América Latina: Países llegan con desiguales avances a cumbre climática respecto a sus compromisos voluntarios de reducción de emisiones contaminantes

28 Oct 2017 — "América Latina llega con desiguales avances a cumbre climática", 24 oct 2017Difíciles de medir y desiguales en sus alcances son los avances que exhibirán los países de América Latina, respecto a sus compromisos voluntarios de reducción de emisiones contaminantes, durante la cumbre climática que acogerá en noviembre la ciudad alemana de Bonn. Las llamadas contribuciones determinadas a nivel nacional (NDC, en inglés) se consideran en conjunto insuficientes para la meta de estabilizar el aumento de la temperatura planetaria a dos grados centígrados. Pero además se debaten entre políticas contradictorias, como agudizar la extracción de hidrocarburos y al mismo tiempo fomentar el uso de energías renovables. "Hay avances en compromisos, aunque es un poco difícil decir cómo van. No es tan fácil de medir. Depende de la capacidad de cada gobierno para hacerlo. Algunos países tienen más transparencia y detalle que otros", dijo a IPS Lisa Viscini, directora del Programa de Energía, Cambio Climático e Industrias Extractivas del Diálogo Inter-Americano...."Algunos países no llegarán a sus metas, que además no son suficientes, hay que hacer más. Para evitar el cambio climático, no podemos seguir usando petróleo por 100 años, tiene que parar. Algunos países están desarrollando estrategias de largo plazo. Pero no hay suficiente dinero": Lisa Viscini. A lo largo de 2015, los 195 Estados parte de la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (CMNUCC) presentaron sus NDC, con sus compromisos voluntarios para reducir los gases de efecto invernadero..., que fueron incorporados al vinculante Acuerdo de Paris, en diciembre de ese año...La plataforma de análisis científico Monitoreo de la Acción Climática (CAT, en inglés)...cataloga de "insuficiente" las de Brasil, México y Perú; de "altamente insuficiente" la de Argentina y de "críticamente insuficiente" la de Chile, los países de la región incluidos en su análisis...

Latin America: Countries head to Climate Summit with uneven progress regarding their voluntary commitments to greenhouse gas emissions

28 Oct 2017 — "Latin America Heads to Climate Summit with Uneven Progress", 25 October 2017 ...Difficult to measure and unequal in their scope are the advances that the countries of Latin America will have to show, regarding their voluntary commitments to greenhouse gas emissions, during the climate summit to be hosted by Bonn, Germany in November. The so-called intended nationally-determined contributions (INDCs) are considered insufficient to reach the goal of stabilising the planetary temperature rise at two degrees Celsius. But the region also has contradictory policies, such as increasing the extraction of fossil fuels while at the same time promoting the use of renewable energies. "There are countries that have made progress with respect to their commitments, although it is a bit difficult to say how much. It is not so easy to measure. It depends on the ability of each government to do so. Some countries are more transparent and exhaustive than others," Lisa Viscidi, director of the Energy, Climate Change and Extractive Industries Programme at the Inter-American Dialogue, a Washington-based organisation, told IPS. Throughout 2015, the 195 State parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change...presented their INDCs with their voluntary commitments to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs), which were incorporated into the binding Paris Agreement, in December...[2015]...The Climate Action Tracker (CAT)...gives Brazil, Mexico and Peru an "insufficient" rating, Argentina a "highly insufficient" rating, and Chile a "critically insufficient" rating – the countries of the region included in the analysis...

América Latina: Países chegam à Cúpula do Clima com progressos desiguais em relação aos compromissos voluntários para reduzir emissões poluentes

28 Oct 2017 — "Quem faz mais pelo clima na América Latina?", 24 de outubro de 2017Desde que Acordo de Paris passou a valer, mexicanos saem na frente na luta contra mudanças climáticas. Pequenos e disciplinados, Chile e Costa Rica também são destaque. Mas Brasil, maior poluidor, se afasta da meta...Desde que entrou em vigor, em 4 de novembro de 2016...perdeu um dos seus principais aliados, os Estados Unidos...Na América Latina, apenas Colômbia e Suriname ainda não ratificaram o Acordo...Da América Latina vêm cerca de 10% das emissões globais. Brasil e México são pesos-pesados desta balança: no ranking global dos poluidores, ocupam sétima e nona posição, respectivamente, ou mais da metade das emissões da região. "Vemos sinais desastrosos vindos do Brasil, totalmente contra a corrente", diz sobre a política ambiental Eduardo Viola, pesquisador da Universidade de Brasília e autor do livro Brazil and Climate Change, Beyond the Amazon. "Houve mais retrocessos que avanços, sem dúvida. O Congresso tem aprovado leis que contribuem para o aumento de emissões", afirma Rachel Biderman, diretora-executiva do WRI Brasil (World Resources Initiative), citando decretos e leis que reduzem áreas de conservação, estimulam a ocupação ilegal de áreas na Amazônia e flexibilizam o licenciamento ambiental. No caso do Brasil, o fim do desmatamento é crucial para queda de CO2 - o que o país prometeu fazer em 2020, segundo sua NDC. "A taxa de desmatamento atual está 70% acima da meta de 2020", aponta Carlos Rittl, secretário-executivo do Observatório do Clima. Apesar do recuo recente de 16% anunciado pelo governo, a situação é considerada crítica...A América Latina é detentora de muitos recursos cobiçados: 25% das terras férteis do planeta, 22% da floresta mundial, 31% da água potável...[E]...é uma região extremamente vulnerável às mudanças do clima. Segundo...Painel Intergovernamental de Mudanças Climáticas..., os impactos da elevação da temperatura ameaçam corais, derretimento das geleiras, erosão costeira com elevação do nível do mar, eventos extremos e enfraquecimento da Floresta Amazônica...

Reparation for corporate human rights abuses is a right that should not be challenged, says EarthRights Intl.

26 Oct 2017 — "Reparation for Human Rights Violations is a Right That Should Not be Challenged", 24 Oct 2017 Earlier this month EarthRights International (ERI) and a pro bono attorney…Misty Seemans, filed a lawsuit in the United States against Newmont…on behalf of Máxima Acuña Atalaya and her family, who claim that they have suffered physical and psychological attacks by the company for over six years… The lawsuit has two main objectives: first, to stop the harassment and aggression against the Chaupe family in order to avoid future human rights violations and, second, to obtain reparations for the physical and psychological suffering they have suffered for years, as well as for the damage to their crops and animals. Both of these are under the framework of the right to justice and under the premise that companies must respect human rights, and that governments must control and regulate the companies’ actions to protect and guarantee the life and integrity of all people…

Perú: La Defensoría del Pueblo llama la atención sobre respuesta tardía para abordar conflictos sociales y medioambientales

20 Oct 2017 — [Se refiere a Antamina (parte de BHP Billiton, Glencore, Teck Resources y Mitsubishi Group), Transportadora de Gas del Perú, Pluspetrol, Southern copper (parte de Grupo México), BPZ, Savia, Xstrata Tintaya (parte de Glencore), Agroindustrial Casa Grande]

Perú: Agricultura deforesta Amazonas; estudio satelital confirma que la actividad es a gran escala

11 Oct 2017 —  “Actividades agrarias a mediana y gran escala deforestan Ucayali y Loreto”, 9 de Octubre de 2017 …Actividades agrarias de mediana y gran escala estarían configurando un nuevo patrón de deforestación en la Amazonía central del Perú según indicios reportados por el monitoreo de imágenes satelitales. Estos nuevos patrones difieren de la deforestación para actividades agrícolas a pequeña escala que se había registrado hasta la fecha, la cual presentaba áreas menores a 5 hectáreas, sin ningún orden o planificación para la deforestación…Cabe destacar que Nueva Requena es el distrito donde  el 1 de setiembre fueron asesinados seis agricultores por haberse resistido a dejar sus tierras en manos de inversionistas que vienen expandiendo el monocultivo…El reporte lo efectuó el Proyecto de Monitoreo de la Amazonía Peruana (MAAP)…

"UNGA72 | Corporate responsibility to respect human rights requires supporting human rights defenders, say UN experts"

10 Oct 2017 — In his new report to the UN General Assembly, Special Rapporteur...spells out what States, businesses and investors must urgently do to better safeguard... defenders...and deplores that defenders are ‘suffering attacks by overpowering business interests’ due to a lack of State action to protect them. The second report, by the Working Group on business and human rights, focuses on access to remedy. Special Rapporteur is ‘appalled by the number of attacks and threats facing defenders’ who seek to hold States, businesses and investors accountable...‘Excessive favouring of business interests’ allied with ‘increasing crackdowns... lead[s] to...denial of local populations’ needs...in favour of short-term profits... [Rapporteur cites Resource Centre's] findings...[that there were] 450 [such] attacks globally in 2015-2016 alone... The Working Group considers...business responsibility to respect human rights entails ‘a positive obligation to support a safe and enabling environment for...defenders,’ which in turn requires consultation with defenders...[S]ome positive efforts to express business support for strengthening the protection of defenders [were] noted...[Rapporteur made] [r]ecommendations to States to adopt legislation for mandatory due diligence, for public disclosure of information about corporate structures...[and] national action plans...to protect defenders...; Business and investors are called on to include an analysis of the situation of civic freedoms and...defenders in their impact assessments, and ensure policy commitments reflecting...role ...and risks faced by...defenders.

"Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders"

10 Oct 2017 — The work of human rights defenders in the field of business and human rights is crucial to protecting the land and the environment, securing just and safe conditions of work, combating corruption, respecting indigenous...rights and achieving sustainable development...[Their] work...is also crucial to protecting the rights of freedom of expression and association, promoting gender equality and diversity and upholding the rule of law, conditions which are indispensable to the creation of...optimal working conditions for both business and civil society...However, defending and promoting human rights in the context of business is dangerous...work...In 2015 and 2016 alone, 450 such attacks were documented across the world. [D]efenders are increasingly subject to attacks by States and business-enterprises...Companies belonging to land-consuming industries, such as mining, agribusiness, oil, gas and coal and dam construction, remain the most dangerous... Whether the link is direct or indirect, all business enterprises have an independent responsibility to ensure that defenders can effectively and safely address the human rights impacts linked to their operations...[R]esponsibility of businesses to respect human rights not only entails a negative duty to refrain from violating the rights of others, but also a positive obligation to support a safe and enabling environment for... defenders.