Mozambique Country Guide

The Mozambique Human Rights and Business Country Guide  was produced by the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR) and The Mozambican League of Human Rights. The Country Guide is a compilation of publicly available information from international institutions, local NGOs, governmental agencies, businesses, media and universities, among others. The Guide includes information on the human rights risks to companies of operating in Mozambique, as well as recommendations to address those risks.

Download the Mozambique Country Guide here

Read the full Country Guide here

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Mozambique: No to ProSavana campaign hosts conference to discuss the ProSavana program with peasants & civil society from Brazil, Japan and Mozambique

24 Oct 2017 — "3rd People's Triangular Conference: Between the agrarian development model and the popular alternatives-No to ProSAVANA Campaign", 19 October 2017 The 3rd People's Triangular Conference of Mozambique, Brazil and Japan organized by the No to ProSavana campaign will take place at the Kaya-Kwanga Conference Centre in Maputo on 24 and 25 October, 2017. This conference aims to reflect the development models in Mozambique, with emphasis on the ProSavana Program, through a deep and democratic debate. The conference will bring together the peoples representatives of the three countries, namely: Mozambique, Brazil and Japan, including peasants and communities suffering from direct impacts of major programs and projects in the agriculture, mining and hydrocarbon sectors; Civil Society Organizations and Social Movements; Religious organizations; Research/academic institutions; Government representatives and other guests.The Campaign No to ProSavana is part of a joint mobilization of civil society organizations and peasant movements in defense of natural resources and against aggression, land grabbing, commodification and privatization of land and other natural resources. It comes one year after the Open Letter[1] to Urgently Detain and Reflect the ProSavana Program[2]signed by civil society organizations, social movements, peasant, environmental, religious, family and community movements in the Nacala Development Corridor and submitted to the Presidents of Mozambique, Brazil and the Prime Minister of Japan. The Conference begins with the historical contextualization on Agrarian Development Policies and Programs in Mozambique. The analysis of the ProSavana Program, the Land and Seeds Law will be highlighted and representatives of peasant communities along the Nacala and Brazil corridors will share their perspective and experience on these issues. The conference also discusses alternatives to the Development Model and strategies to strengthen Solidarity and collaboration between movements and Peoples.For more information and appointment of interviews with representatives of the Campaign contact: +258 823747881/823061275/844664403

Impunité des multinationales : les victimes de ProSavana au Mozambique représentées à l’Onu

20 Oct 2017 — Erika Mendes, est chargée de plaidoyer à Justiça Ambiental au Mozambique sera présente à Genève du 23 au 27 octobre 2017 pour défendre un traité onusien contre l’impunité des multinationales. Elle suit de près le projet ProSavana... [Ce projet] a été lancé en 2009 par les gouvernements du Mozambique, du Brésil et du Japon. Il a été présenté comme un moyen de moderniser l’agriculture au Mozambique. Pourtant, quelques années plus tard, les violations des droits humains sont nombreuses... L’arrivée d’investisseurs souhaitant développer l’agriculture industrielle suscite de nombreuses craintes. Les paysans ont peur d’être expropriés au profit de la mise en culture de parcelles dédiées à la monoculture. Pour la plupart d’entre eux, une expropriation les priverait de moyens d’existence. Le processus a déjà commencé dans la province de Nampula. L’usage intensif des pesticides et fertilisants chimiques a parallèlement entraîné la pollution des ressources en eau et une dégradation des sols... Il n’y a eu aucune concertation avec les paysans... Un traité international contraignant permettra de : • faire condamner les entreprises • et faire reconnaître le droit des victimes !...  

Studie zum Rohstoffsektor in der Subsahara: Deutsche Unternehmen könnten wichtigen Beitrag bei der Ausbildung von Fachkräften leisten

10 Oct 2017 — "Rohstoffe Subsahara: 31 Länder, Stand 2016/2017", Juni 2017 Deutschland ist wie kaum ein anderes Land in die Weltwirtschaft eingebunden, also in hohem Maße auf den Export an Waren, aber auch auf den Import von Energierohstoffen und von mineralischen Rohstoffen angewiesen... Die Nachfrage nach mineralischen Rohstoffen und Energierohstoffen wird sich weltweit bis zum Jahr 2050 voraussichtlich verdoppeln, sollte sich der Trend der letzten 3 Jahrzehnte fortsetzen. Der afrikanische Kontinent bietet ein enormes Potenzial an Energierohstoffen, an Metallen und an Industriemineralen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird der Bergbau in Afrika eine Schlüsselrolle in der notwendigen Entwicklung und dem Aufstieg der afrikanischen Wirtschaft spielen... Das Thema Aus- und Weiterbildung von Fachkräften, auch in der Bergbaubranche, ist für die afrikanischen Bergbauländer von zentraler Bedeutung. Hier können deutsche Unternehmen und Institutionen mit ihrem Know-how und ihren jahrzehntelangen Erfahrungen einen wichtigen Beitrag leisten. Deutsche Unternehmen sind jedoch bei den afrikanischen Projekten kaum präsent. Schuld daran ist das meist schlechte Image Afrikas als Krisen- und Chaosherd. Dennoch sind viele afrikanischen Staaten auf einem guten Wege, im politischen wie im wirtschaftlichen Bereich. Die vorliegenden Momentaufnahmen aus den Märkten sollen dazu dienen, unternehmerische Entscheidungen für ein Engagement in Afrika zu erleichtern. 

Mozambique: Sustainable investors need to better educate themselves about the local context in which their funds are deployed

26 Sep 2017 — "Sustainable Investments Are Not Always What They Seem-Investors need to better educate themselves about the local context in which their funds are deployed", 21 September 2017 ...I took some time off work to visit the incredible Gorongosa National Park, and volunteer for the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre, on whose board I serve. Together with a colleague from Brazil, I set out to learn more about the framework for business and human rights in the region, and explore a complaint filed by local communities against a company that is using thousands of hectares of community-owned land to monocrop tree...for biofuel and export markets. In Mozambique, like many other African countries, the national government wants to increase foreign direct investment. Foreign companies love cheap or free land. Benefits to investors and consumers include higher land productivity and carbon sequestration. Government may see benefits in developing the economy, and local government officials sometimes get rewards...or a promise...Sometimes there's a simple pay-off of individuals to overlook regulations or follow the lead of a higher level of authority...[P]oor communities are losing land they depend on...for purposes such as farming, grazing animals, hunting, and collecting water and firewood...[and]...for cultural purposes such as worship and burial. Their loss of land and subsequent increased impoverishment is exacerbated in a globalized economy with great inequalities in wealth and power. Developing countries in particular often have informal or incomplete land titling, and lack clear maps of existing individual and community land use, empowered community representation and local government, written contracts in local languages, and clear arbitration procedures...[T]he patterns of investment in forestry...are harming these communities...What worries me most in all of this is that the company and investor considered the plantation a "social" project...But they haven't calculated the income and food lost from farming and other traditional land use. The company sees social benefits and potential positive impact on climate change; the community sees the loss of the local water supply and sacred sites...This is a pivotal time for countries like Mozambique. High growth rates can still leave them amongst the poorest countries in the world, with low human development indicators. This doesn't mean we stop funding, but a crisis in confidence in business and government can and must spur more citizens and investors to define new approaches to accountability and new pathways for development...[It refers to Alfa Agricultura, Green Resources, Mozaco]...

Brasil: OIT e produtores de algodão da África e Am. Latina trocam experiências para promover o trabalho decente na cadeia produtiva do produto

13 Sep 2017 — "África e América Latina discutem soluções para produção de algodão-Durante congresso, OIT estimula troca de experiências para promover o trabalho decente na cadeia produtiva do algodão, através da cooperação Sul-Sul", 12 de Setembro de 2017 Entre 29 de agosto e 1º de setembro, a Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT) participou do 11º Congresso Brasileiro do Algodão em Maceió, cerca de 1.200 participantes. O projeto "Promoção do trabalho decente em países produtores de algodão na África e América Latina" , executado pela OIT em parceria com o governo do Brasil e o Instituto Brasileiro do Algodão (IBA), levou ao Congresso representantes do setor do algodão do Paraguai, Peru, Moçambique e Mali...[A]...coordenadora do Programa de Cooperação Sul-Sul Brasil-OIT, Fernanda Barreto....ressaltou que a promoção do trabalho decente é um compromisso global, pois o conceito está no cerne do Objetivo de Desenvolvimento Sustentável nº 8 da Agenda 2030 ...Parte do Programa de Cooperação Sul-Sul Brasil-OIT, o projeto "Promoção do trabalho decente em países produtores de algodão na África e América Latina" visa promover o trabalho decente na cadeia produtiva do algodão no Paraguai, Peru, Moçambique, Mali e Tanzânia, através da sistematização, compartilhamento e adaptação de experiências brasileiras, em áreas como combate à pobreza e à discriminação, inclusão produtiva, diálogo social, prevenção e erradicação do trabalho infantil e do trabalho forçado, formalização e promoção do emprego de jovens...

Brasil: Minidocumentário "Recomeços: Sobre Mulheres, Refúgio e Trabalho"

6 Sep 2017 — Minidocumentário "Recomeços: Sobre Mulheres, Refúgio e Trabalho", 30 de agosto de 2017 Minidocumentário com as histórias de dez participantes do projeto "Empoderando Refugiadas". O filme, de Fellipe Abreu e Thays Prado apresenta as diversas trajetórias, estratégias e desafios dessas mulheres em busca de uma oportunidade de recomeçar a vida em outro país.

Workshops equiping African lawyers on responsible business practices, incl. UN Guiding Principles

15 Aug 2017 — "Supporting African advisers on responsible business: A&O and A4ID partner with the East Africa Law Society to deliver workshops for African lawyers on business and human rights" Alongside rapid economic growth and thriving investment in East Africa, there is increasing demand for responsible business practices and corporate accountability when things go wrong. To help legal advisers navigate human rights risks and opportunities for business, Allen & Overy (A&O), and an award-winning development law charity, Advocates for International Development (A4ID), have teamed up with the East Africa Law Society (EALS) to provide free workshops on business and human rights for lawyers in Uganda and Tanzania. The peer-to-peer workshops...will continue dialogue with East African lawyers about the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, a globally agreed standard on managing human rights impacts linked to business activity...The workshops will draw on practical examples, including from the extractive and manufacturing industries, which are particularly relevant for African lawyers advising business... Together with A4ID, the workshops combine the expertise of A&O’s Africa Group and Human Rights Working Group, drawing on over 250 lawyers throughout the firm’s network of 44 offices.  Over the past 25 years, the A&O Africa Group, together with selected local counsel, has advised clients on numerous large scale international transactions across the continent, providing an integrated service for clients doing business in Africa. Further workshops are planned for lawyers in Burundi, Kenya and Zanzibar later in the year.  

Moçambique: Acção Académica para o Desenvolvimento das Comunidades Rurais defende comunidades rurais afetadas por empresas durante visita do Centro

8 Aug 2017 — “ADECRU defende a preservação do modelo agrário das comunidades rurais”, 4 de agosto de 2017 A Acção Académica para o Desenvolvimento das Comunidades Rurais-ADECRU defende que os modelos agrários devem-se adequar aos moldes das comunidades rurais e não obrigá-las a se adaptarem na perspectiva dos financiadores…[Há a]...tendência de transformar a agricultura dos camponeses caracterizada pelo cultivo de muitas culturas em monocultura. O avanço desse modelo agrícola tende a gerar muitos problemas de usurpação de terras das comunidades camponesas porque os investidores ocupam extensos hectares colocando em causa os nativos que vêem a terra como seu único meio de sobrevivência. Para o Coordenador de Pesquisa, Formação e Campanhas da ADECRU, Clemente Ntauzi, o cultivo de monoculturas de soja, eucaliptos, pinheiros, etc. não visa combater a fome até porque os camponeses não sobrevivem dessas culturas. “Esses commodities são para exportação. E quem sai a ganhar são os promotores dessa agricultura e não os camponeses. Se é para desenvolver as comunidades rurais por quê os investidores não cultivam mandioca, milho, arroz, feijão culturas típicas dos camponeses?” Foi na visita efectuada…[em 2 de agosto]...aos escritórios da ADECRU pelo Business & Human Rights Resources Centre, uma organização internacional com sede em Londres a qual tinha por objectivo inteirar-se das diversas pautas de luta em que esta associação moçambicana está inserida. Na ocasião a Acção Académica explicou a necessidade de se pautar por um modelo de agricultura que respeite as comunidades e não trazer-lhes problemas. Citando o polémico caso do programa agrário ProSavana que envolve os governos de Moçambique, Japão e Brasil, Jeremias Vunjanhe, coordenador nacional desta organização explicou que houve muitas injustiças cometidas. Usurpação de terras, difícil acesso a informação sobre o programa e consultas públicas viciadas foram alguns dos atropelos constatados...

Landgrabbing und Menschenrechte: Studie über die Rolle von EU-Akteuren im Ausland zeigt Handlungsbedarf; enthält Stellungnahmen der Unternehmen

24 Jul 2017 — Im Mai 2016 wurde im Auftrag des Europäischen Parlaments die Studie „Land Grabbing and Human Rights: The Involvement of European Corporate and Financial Entities in Land Grabbing outside the European Union“ veröffentlicht. Die Publikation dokumentiert u.a. Fälle von Landgrabbing in Sambia, Uganda, Kongo und Mosambik und beschreibt eine Vielzahl bislang ausgebliebener Handlungsmöglichkeiten der EU und ihrer Mitgliedstaaten, um das weltweite Landgrabbing zu reduzieren. Zu den folgenden Fällen, die im Bericht erwähnt werden, hat das Business & Human Rights Resource Centre bereits Stellungnahmen eingeholt: - Neumann Kaffee Gruppe in Uganda - EcoEnergy in Tanzania - Socfin in Sierra Leone - Khon Kaen Sugar in Cambodia - Siemens und Voith in Honduras. ABP und das Bundesentwicklungsministerium (BMZ) in Bezug auf den African Agricultural Trade and Investment Fund (AATIF) äußerten sich jeweils in den Medien zu Fällen [ABP nur auf Englisch].

Land grabbing & human rights: Report examines role of European corporate & financial entities

1 Aug 2017 — In May 2016 the report "Land Grabbing and Human Rights: The Involvement of European Corporate and Financial Entities in Land Grabbing outside the European Union" was published on behalf of the European Parliament. The report examines cases of land grabbing in Zambia, Uganda, Congo and Mozambique and describes a number of possibilities for action by the EU and its Member States to reduce global land grabbing. The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre previously sought statements in relation to the following cases, which are mentioned in the report: - Neumann Kaffee Gruppe in Uganda - EcoEnergy in Tanzania - Socfin in Sierra Leone - Khon Kaen Sugar in Cambodia - Siemens and Voith in Honduras. ABP and the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) regarding the African Agricultural Trade and Investment Fund (AATIF) commented in media reports [BMZ only in German].