Mozambique

Mozambique Country Guide

The Mozambique Human Rights and Business Country Guide  was produced by the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR) and The Mozambican League of Human Rights. The Country Guide is a compilation of publicly available information from international institutions, local NGOs, governmental agencies, businesses, media and universities, among others. The Guide includes information on the human rights risks to companies of operating in Mozambique, as well as recommendations to address those risks.

Download the Mozambique Country Guide here

Read the full Country Guide here

News Feed

Africa: Video documentary on how land acquisition for commercial investment impacts local communities

5 Apr 2017 — "The Dynamics Of Land Deals in Africa" Looking at several large-scale land deals in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia, this extraordinary documentary highlights the nuanced impacts of these investments. Small-scale farmers and producers, national government officials, and African policy-makers unpack the deals, showing that there are winners and losers when providing investors access to large tracts of land in Africa. For example, land deals impact differently on women and youth, and altering land regimes also impacts on access to other natural resources such as water, fish, and local indigenous vegetables. The various case studies discussed in the documentary raise issues that all stakeholders need to consider when making land deals. [Refers to Illovo, Kalumbila Minerals (part of First Quantum), Premier Corn, Hoyo Hoyo Agribusiness (part of Quifel Natural Resources), AgroMoz (joint venture Amorim Group & Intelec)]

Afrique: ENI s'engage pour une meilleure électrification du continent

11 Mar 2017 — "ENI œuvre pour plus d’électricité à l’Afrique", 10 mars 2017 L'administrateur délégué du groupe pétrolier italien ENI, Claudio Descalzi, est intervenu...au Sénat, à Rome. Il y a décliné la stratégie de son groupe en matière de coopération énergétique avec l’Afrique où il tire une bonne substance de ses exportations en pétrole mais aussi en gaz. ENI est présent notamment au Nigéria, Congo, Ghana, au Mozambique, en Angola, Egypte, Libye ou encore en Algérie pour ne citer que les pays exportateurs de pétrole les plus connus. « Notre stratégie en Afrique est de permettre l’accès à l’énergie dans les pays où nous opérons. Nous développons une grande partie de notre gaz sur place à travers la production d’une électricité pour les populations et pour l’industrie ». Une telle stratégie est tournée vers le marché de pays, dont le pouvoir d’achat n’est pas aussi fort que si cette électricité était vendue directement aux pays industrialisés, ENI n’entend pas y renoncer pour autant, a dit M. Descalzi. « Un tel modèle, a-t-il soutenu, nous procure probablement moins de profits aujourd’hui, mais il nous donne plus de valeur pour demain, parce qu’il nous rend plus crédibles en contribuant au développement de ces pays ». M. Descalzi a relevé un paradoxe africain évident : le continent est « riche en énergie mais il ne l’utilise pas, au contraire de l’Europe qui n’a pas d’énergie mais en consomme à grande échelle quitte à la payer très cher »...M. Descalzi a également souligné la montée en puissance de son groupe dans les énergies renouvelables et la préservation de l’environnement...indiqué qu’ENI allait définitivement renoncer à l’emploi de l’huile de palme dans la production du gasoil.  

Afrique: La Fondation MasterCard soutient les petits paysans afin de réduire la pauvreté et améliorer la sécurité alimentaire

11 Mar 2017 — "Amélioration de la productivité agricole : Plus de 23 milliards de FCfa de la Fondation Mastercard à 11 pays africains", 7 mars 2017 The Mastercard Foundation et trois organisations leaders établies en Afrique (AgDevCo, Icco Cooperation et Root Capital) s’associent pour améliorer les conditions de vie de 1,1 million de petits producteurs africains. Selon Mark Wensley, gestionnaire principal du programme Mf, ladite fondation octroie 38,3 millions de dollars américains (23.678.209.000 F Cfa) à Agdevco, Icco- Organisation inter-églises de coopération au développement et Root capital dans les programmes d’amélioration de la productivité et de l’accès au marché pour de petits exploitants agricoles dans 11 pays africains...Selon Idrissa Bâ, chef de file pays Sénégal à Icoo cooperation, ce programme Stars vise à transformer la vie de 210.000 producteurs ruraux dont 50 % sont des femmes du Burkina Faso, de l’Éthiopie, du Rwanda et du Sénégal, en facilitant leur accès aux crédits de marché et services de conseil agricole...[Selon le] Directeur du groupe opérations Agdevco...[la]...structure a pour mission de réduire la pauvreté et d’améliorer la sécurité alimentaire. A ce jour, elle a investi plus de 90 millions de dollars (55.640.700.000 FCfa) dans 59 entreprises agroalimentaires en Afrique sub-saharienne. Agdevco a facilité l’accès aux marchés à des dizaines de milliers d’agriculteurs et généré plus de 3.000 emplois. Amélioration de la productivité agricole : Plus de 23 milliards de FCfa de la Fondation Mastercard à 11 pays africains - See more at: http://www.lesoleil.sn/2016-03-22-23-21-32/item/62272-amelioration-de-la...

Mozambique: Civil society protests against the Japan Intl. Coop. Agency for lack of transparency, violations of the right to land & other rights in the Prosavana program

3 Mar 2017 — Peasants and civil society and human rights organizations from Mozambique, Brazil and Japan sent an open letter to the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to protest against the serious impacts of the agency's actions on Mozambican society under the agrarian development Prosavana program in partnership with the Brazilian and Mozambican government as well. No to ProSavana Campaign, a group to resist and denounce human rights violations related to the program, affirms: “...JICA’s interventions are destabilising the transparent and democratic process in ProSavana, whether through financing, functionaries or consultants. These interventions have negative impacts on the human rights, the right to land and the food security of peasants and their way of life, including their culture, undermining the independence of Mozambican civil society and causing fragmentation...”. To read this story in Portuguese, please, click here.

CIVICUS highlights challenging regulatory environment of CSOs & calls for collective response

14 Feb 2017 — "Contested and under pressure: A snapshot of the enabling environment of civil society in 22 countries", February 2017 Between 2013 and 2016, civil society in 22 countries carried out an Enabling Environment National Assessment (EENA)...The EENA analysis explores in particular how laws and regulations relating to civil society are implemented...In every country, six core dimensions were assessed: the ability of civil society groups to form, operate and access resources - all aspects of the freedom of association - plus the freedoms of peaceful assembly and expression, and relations between civil society and governments...Across the EENA countries, civil society's assessment is that the laws and regulations that affect civil society are often disenabling...Enabling legal environments are needed to help ensure that CSOs can play a full range of roles, including to partner with governments and others to advance social change...The EENA process demonstrates a willingness by civil society around the world to engage actively in improving the conditions for citizens' participation. It also indicates that...similar issues are being encountered, suggesting potential for enhanced cross-civil society working...to overcome common challenges...

Moçambique: Soc. civil protesta contra Ag. Japonesa de Cooperação Intl. por falta de transparência, violações ao direito à terra & outros no Prosavana

24 Feb 2017 — Camponeses e organizações da sociedade civil e de direitos humanos de Moçambique, Brasil e Japão enviaram carta aberta à Agência Japonesa de Cooperação Internacional- JICA em protesto contra graves impactos da atuação da agência sobre a sociedade moçambicana no âmbito do programa ProSavana de desenvolvimento agrário em parceria com o governo brasileiro e moçambicano também. O grupo Não ao ProSavana, de resistência e denúncia, afirma: “…claramente…a intervenção da JICA, com tendências a influenciar e desestabilizar o processo democrático e transparente no ProSavana, seja através do seu financiamento, funcionários ou consultores têm impactos negativos sobre os direitos humanos, direitos sobre terra e segurança alimentar dos camponeses afectados, modo de vida, incluindo as especificidades culturais dos camponeses, para além de retirar toda a independência a sociedade civil moçambicana e causar fragmentação no seio dela”. Para ler esta história em inglês, clique aqui.

Cooperação entre OIT, Brasil e Tanzânia promove trab. decente na cadeia do algodão no país africano a partir da experiência brasileira de combate ao trab. escravo

30 Jan 2017 — “OIT, Brasil e Tanzânia se unem para enfrentar desafios na produção do algodão-Iniciativa de Cooperação Sul-Sul entre OIT, Brasil e Tanzânia promoverá o trabalho decente na cadeia produtiva do algodão no país africano”, 24 de Janeiro de 2017 …A experiência e as boas práticas brasileiras na promoção do trabalho decente no setor de produção de algodão serão sistematizadas, compartilhadas e adaptadas na Tanzânia. No marco do Programa de Cooperação Sul-Sul entre o Brasil e a Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT), representantes do governo brasileiro e do governo da Tanzânia se reuniram com técnicos da OIT em Dar es Salaam…[em novembro de 2016]…para uma oficina, seguida de uma visita de campo à cidade de Mwanza, com o objetivo de elaborar de maneira conjunta e tripartite um Projeto-País para fortalecer a capacidade nacional do país africano para responder aos desafios da cadeia produtiva do algodão em termos de trabalho decente. Realizado no âmbito do projeto “Promoção do trabalho decente em países produtores de algodão na África e América Latina”,…[d]a OIT,…Brasil e…Instituto Brasileiro do Algodão…, o evento teve como base os princípios da Cooperação Sul-Sul: horizontalidade, solidariedade e não-condicionalidade entre os países em desenvolvimento.  Cerca de 40 pessoas participaram…[e]… compartilharam experiências nas áreas de seguridade social, inspeção do trabalho e combate ao trabalho infantil…[O]utros…países produtores de algodão fazem parte desta iniciativa…: Paraguai, Peru, Mali e Moçambique.

Full list of sub-investments with environmental & human rights impacts

7 Nov 2016 — "International Finance Corporation - Financial Intermediary Portfolio: Sub-Investments with Serious Adverse Social, Environmental and Human Rights Risks and Impacts," 27 Sept 2016 [Also refers to other companies. Please see the document for full list.]

So. Africa: Inaugural Southern Africa Permanent People's Tribunal hears testimonies from communities affected by mining and extractive activities

10 Oct 2016 — The Permanent Peoples' Tribunal held the hearing in Manzini, Swaziland, in the southern region of Africa, taking evidence from cases based in Swaziland (two cases), Zimbabwe (two cases), South Africa (four cases), Zambia (one case), and Mozambique (two cases)...jurors were presented with cases in which Brazilian (such as Vale), Indian (Jindal), Russian (DTZ-OZGEO), China (AFECC) and South African (Chancellor House), Australian (MRC) and Swiss(Glencore) companies are involved. [Objectives included]:..to analyse a sample of cases covering different contexts of life and/or examples of government and/or corporate intervention in critical areas of the extractive industries and of land grabbing in Southern African countries,...to assess the coherence and reliability of a documentation collected by means of a highly participatory methodology with the communities included in the sample...Recommendations include: A comprehensive assessment of the political, beside the socioeconomic, role of the transnational corporation in Southern African countries should be provided, with a focus on their country-specific relationship with the State Governments. Detailed information must be collected to ascertain linkages between transnationals and state military and police, as well as to identify the areas of natural resources exploited by transnationals and how these relate to the establishment of foreign military bases… Women’s inalienable rights are being undermined. The testimonies have alluded to and in some instances made direct reference also to sexual exploitation and the undermining of women’s ability to defend their bodily integrity.

Brasilien/Mosambik: ThyssenKrupp in Kritik wegen mangelhafter Umsetzung der menschenrechtl. Sorgfaltspflicht

17 Feb 2016